Mental disorders: Causes, Common Disorders, and Treatment

Mental disorders, also referring to mental illnesses, are health conditions that affect your behavior, mood, and thinking. According to health statistics, nearly thirteen percent of the world population suffers from mental disorders.

This percentage equals 971 million people. Mental illnesses are either short-lasting or permanent. Luckily, if you have any mental disorder, you can undergo treatments in a mental hospital.

Causes of Mental Disorders

It is explicit to determine the real root of mental disorders. There exist many factors that pop up to be the causes of mental illnesses.

The most common causes of mental disorders are:

Genetic history

Mental disorders can pass on genetically. If a person has a mental illness, another person related by blood can probably develop the same disease.

Life event

Another cause of a mental disorder is life events. If a  person experiences an impactful event in life, this makes the latter liable to mental illness. Instances of this type of event are the sudden death of a close one, stress, or abuse.

Brain injury

The brain controls the function of the whole body system. Unfortunately, you can be vulnerable to mental disorders if you have a brain injury.

Alcohol and drugs

An excess intake of alcohol and drugs is also the root of mental illnesses.

Common Mental Disorders

Astonishingly, there are almost three hundred types of mental disorders. However, it is essential to note that you can find proper treatments for different mental disorders in a mental hospital.

The most common examples of mental illnesses are as per below:

Anxiety disorder

Anxiety disorders include panic disorder and phobias. People suffering from anxiety disorders face extreme fear of particular objects, surroundings, and situations. A person with an anxiety disorder will most likely avoid any situation that prompts their anxiety.

Bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder, which also refers to mood disorder, is a mental health illness that causes drastic mood swings, energy, concentration, and activity levels. Usually, a person who has bipolar disorder gets two types of maniac episodes.

The two types of bipolar disorder episode are:

  1. Exalted mood (mania)
  2. Profound sadness (depression).

However, people who have bipolar disorder can also have normal energy levels during the day, allowing them to live an everyday life from time to time.

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is an abiding mental condition where a patient feels a constant urge to do something repeatedly, which means having compulsions. Additionally, patients tend to have reoccurring or unwanted thoughts, which leads to obsessions.

Furthermore, an example of OCD can be when someone has a vast compulsion to stay clean. That person will regularly ensure there is no dirt on their skin, leading them to bathe many times in a day. If a person is continually having a fear of dirt or getting dirty, this can undoubtedly be a case of OCD.

Another example of Obsessive-compulsive disorder can be; when someone is having unwanted thoughts. Usually, OCD patients suffer from continually having negative thoughts such as someone is willing to hurt them, often think about others’ death, or think about violent situations.

Eating disorders

There are around 30 million people who suffer from a particular type of eating disorder in the USA. Additionally, eating disorders are not only about food. It is more about people who have mental conditions and need immediate help to overcome them. Several eating disorders exist, such as overeating, eating too less, or eating inedible things.

Types of eating disorders include:

  • Anorexia nervosa
  • Bulimia nervosa
  • Binge eating
  • Pica
  • Rumination
  • Purging disorder

Treatment

Undoubtedly, while there exist treatment for some mental disorders, on another side, there isn’t any treatment for other mental illnesses. However, some primary therapies are used to treat almost all mental disorders.

Common treatments for mental disorders include:

Psychological Therapy

Psychological therapy consists of giving patients the liberty to express their conditions while also allowing a psychologist to determine its cause. Afterward, the psychologist will provide treatment and moral speeches to help a patient alleviate his symptoms of mental disorders.

Psychiatric Therapy

In this therapy, a psychiatrist evaluates the real cause of mental disorders. Afterward, the specialist will provide adequate pharmaceutical drugs to the patient.

Yoga and Meditation

Yoga or meditation has demonstrated significant positive changes in mental well-being for human beings. Therefore, the medical field has also turned to provide yoga sessions for some mental disorders. Yoga is incredibly beneficial to alleviate or overcome some particular mental conditions, such as anxiety and depression.

Mental hospital

It is crucial to go to a mental hospital to receive adequate treatment from professionals in some cases. A mental hospital is not solely for “crazy” people going there. Indeed, it is a suitable place for someone to treat or alleviate symptoms of a mental condition more efficiently.

The bottom line

As mentioned above, there are around 300 mental disorders that exist globally. Undoubtedly, it is not possible to have a remedy for each of them. Still, fortunately, with advanced technology and science, it is now possible to treat or alleviate symptoms of almost all common mental disorders.

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